Home > Benzodiazepine use among young attendees of an Irish substance treatment center.

Murphy, Kevin Daniel and Byrne, Stephen and McCarthy, Suzanne and Lambert, Sharon and Sahm, Laura Jane (2014) Benzodiazepine use among young attendees of an Irish substance treatment center. Journal of Addiction Medicine , 8 , (3) , pp. 199-204.

OBJECTIVE
To describe the demographic characteristics of those service users attending Matt Talbot Services, and their current and past substance use, and to explore the use of benzodiazepines among this group.

METHOD
There were 198 service users who attended a substance misuse treatment center in Cork, Ireland, between January 2005 and August 2011.

RESULTS
Benzodiazepines had ever been used by 51.0%, and of these, 55.8% were regular benzodiazepine users. The mean age of first use was 14.9 ± 1.4 years. Regular users of benzodiazepines were regular users of significantly more substances (3, interquartile range [IQR] = 2-3) when compared with nonregular benzodiazepine users (1, IQR = 1-2). Regular benzodiazepine users showed more behavioral signs (12, IQR = 10-14) than nonregular users (9, IQR = 7-12). Physical signs were significantly different between regular (8, IQR = 6-11) and nonregular (5, IQR = 3-10) users.

CONCLUSIONS
The effects of benzodiazepine misuse affect the individual, their family, and society as a whole through hospitalization, substance treatment, and crime. Identifying regular benzodiazepine users can help reduce the burden of benzodiazepines.


Item Type:Article
Date:2014
Page Range:pp. 199-204
Publisher:Wolters Kluwer
Volume:8
Number:3
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:B Substances > Sedatives or tranquillisers (CNS depressants) > Benzodiazepine
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Treatment and maintenance > Treatment factors
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health care programme or facility > Substance disorder treatment unit
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Cork

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