Home > Hepatitis: Frequently asked questions.

Local Government Association, Public Health England. (2013) Hepatitis: Frequently asked questions. London: Local Government Association. 8 p.

[img] PDF (Hepatits FAQs) - Published Version

These FAQs on hepatitis have been produced by the Local Government Association (LGA) and Public Health England (PHE) to address questions that councillors may have on hepatitis and the viruses that cause it.

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver and can be caused by toxic or infectious agents. Viral hepatitis can be caused by a number of different hepatitis viruses of which A, B and C are among the commonest. These viruses differ in key features which affect diagnosis, prevention and control. This document focuses on hepatitis B and C because both viruses can persist in the liver for many years (so called “chronic infection”). Chronic infection can cause liver damage and, after many years, lead to liver failure and liver cancer in around 15 per cent to 25 per cent of infected individuals.

Most people with chronic hepatitis B in the UK acquired infection at birth or during childhood overseas. Therefore, most severe complications from hepatitis B in the UK occur in migrant populations, particularly those born in Africa and Asia. Common risk groups for acquiring the infection in the UK include those who have multiple sexual partners or those who inject drugs. In contrast, most chronic hepatitis C infections are seen in people who have injected drugs in the UK. The prevalence of hepatitis C is also slightly higher in those born and raised in certain countries (including many in the Middle East and Asia), and in those who received blood products or blood transfusions in the UK before the introduction of virus inactivation and donor screening.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Guideline
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general, Opioid
Intervention Type:AOD disorder harm reduction
Source:Public Health England
Pages:8 p.
Publisher:Local Government Association
Corporate Creators:Local Government Association, Public Health England
Place of Publication:London
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Hepatitis C
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Hepatitis B
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Viral hepatitis
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Hepatitis A
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control

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