Home > A randomized controlled trial of a smoking cessation intervention based in community pharmacies.

Maguire, TA and McElnay, JC and Drummand, A. (2001) A randomized controlled trial of a smoking cessation intervention based in community pharmacies. Addiction , 96 , (2) , pp. 325-311.

AIMS:
To evaluate whether a structured community pharmacy-based smoking cessation programme (the PAS model) would give rise to a higher smoking cessation rate compared with ad hoc advice from pharmacists.

DESIGN:
A randomized controlled trial comparing a structured intervention with usual care.

SETTING:
One hundred pharmacists working in community pharmacies in N. Ireland and 24 in London took part in the study and were each asked to enroll 12 smokers; 44% of pharmacists who were trained managed to recruit one or more smokers during the recruitment period of approximately 1 year.

PARTICIPANTS:
A total of 484 smokers were enrolled by the pharmacists and individually randomized into the PAS intervention group (N = 265) or the control group (N = 219).

INTERVENTION:
The PAS intervention involved a structured counselling programme, an information leaflet and a follow-up weekly for the first 4 weeks then monthly as needed.

MEASUREMENTS:
The primary outcome measure of this study was self-reported smoking cessation for 12 months with cotinine validation at the 12-month follow-up.

FINDINGS:
Of smokers in the PAS group, 14.3% (38) were abstinent up to 12 months compared with 2.7% (6) in the control group (p < 0.001 for the difference).

CONCLUSION:
The community pharmacy-based PAS smoking cessation service can be an effective method of helping people stop smoking when delivered by pharmacists willing to adopt this approach.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2001
Page Range:pp. 325-311
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
Volume:96
Number:2
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Northern Ireland
VA Geographic area > Europe > United Kingdom > England
T Demographic characteristics > Pharmacist
HJ Treatment method > Substance disorder treatment method > Cessation of substance use
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)

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