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Pike, Brigid (2011) National poverty indicators. Drugnet Ireland , Issue 36, Winter 2010 , p. 10.

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On 25 November 2010 the Central Statistics Office (CSO) published Survey on income and living conditions (SILC) 2009, including national poverty indicators.1The poverty indicators showed the following:

·         At risk of poverty:2 the threshold fell by 3.1% during the year but there was no statistically significant change in the ‘at risk of poverty’ rate, which was 14.1% in 2009, as opposed to 14.35% in 2008. This was due to the fact that the decline in income was evident right across the income distribution and the rates of decline were broadly similar. 
·         Enforced deprivation:3 the percentage of individuals experiencing two or more forms of deprivation increased to over 17% in 2009, from 13.8% in 2008. Lone parent households reported the highest levels of deprivation, with almost 63% of individuals from these households experiencing one or more forms of deprivation, compared with almost 29% at state level. Individuals living in households with children showed an increase in reported deprivation rates of two or more forms; for example, households comprising two adults with one to three children, and other households with children, each reported an increase in deprivation rates of approximately 3% since 2008.
·         Consistent poverty rate:4 this indicator shows that the proportion of Irish people living in consistent poverty increased by 1.3%, from 4.2% in 2008 to 5.5% in 2009. Children (aged 0–17) remain the most exposed age group, with a consistent poverty rate of 8.7% in 2009, up from 6.3% in 2008. Almost 17% of people living in lone parent households were in consistent poverty in 2009.
 
 
1. The Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) in Ireland is an annual household survey covering a broad range of issues in relation to income and living conditions. It is the official source of data on household and individual income and also provides a number of key national poverty indicators. The survey is also carried out in other EU member states allowing comparable statistics to be compiled on a pan-European basis.www.cso.ie
2. The ‘at risk of poverty’ threshold is 60% of median income.
3. ‘Enforced deprivation’ refers to the inability to afford basic specific goods or services. Eleven forms of enforced deprivation are associated with consistent poverty. An individual is considered deprived if they experience at least two of the eleven forms.
4. The ‘consistent poverty’ rate combines relative income poverty (i.e. the ‘at risk of poverty’ rate) with material deprivation to examine the percentage of individuals who are in consistent poverty.
Item Type
Article
Issue Title
Date
2011
Page Range
p. 10
Publisher
Health Research Board
Volume
Issue 36, Winter 2010
EndNote
Accession Number
HRB (Available)

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