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Home > Psychotropic analgesic nitrous oxide for alcoholic withdrawal states.

Gillman, Mark Alfred and Lichtigfeld, Frederick and Young, Taryn [The Cochrane Library] . (2007) Psychotropic analgesic nitrous oxide for alcoholic withdrawal states. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2) Art. No.: CD005190. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005190.pub2

URL: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/1...

Alcoholism is a global problem with approximately 5‐10% of the world's population demonstrating alcohol‐related diseases. One of the most severe consequences of alcohol dependence is the withdrawal syndrome. This review assessed the effects of psychotropic analgesic nitrous oxide (PAN) in treating alcohol withdrawal. All trials were conducted in in‐patient settings although PAN is also administered in outpatient settings. The review found that PAN is as effective as sedatives for managing mild to moderate alcohol withdrawal states. Nonetheless, it does not provide strong evidence in favour of the benefits or harms of using PAN over sedatives in managing acute alcohol withdrawal. Further high quality trials should be done before these findings can be confirmed.


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