Home > Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care.

Cullen, Walter and O'Brien, Sarah and O'Carroll, Austin and O'Kelly, Fergus Desmond and Bury, Gerard (2009) Chronic illness and multimorbidity among problem drug users: a comparative cross sectional pilot study in primary care. BMC Family Practice , 10 , pp. 1-25.

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Background: Although multimorbidity has important implications for patient care in general practice, limited research has examined chronic illness and health service utilisation among problem drug users. This study aimed to determine chronic illness prevalence and health service utilisation among problem drug users attending primary care for methadone treatment, to compare these rates with matched ‘controls’ and to develop and pilot test a valid study instrument.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of patients attending three large urban general practices in Dublin, Ireland for methadone treatment was conducted, and this sample was compared with a control group matched by practice, age, gender and General Medical Services (GMS) status.

Results: Data were collected on 114 patients. Fifty-seven patients were on methadone treatment, of whom 52(91%) had at least one chronic illness (other then substance use) and 39(68%) were prescribed at least one regular medication. Frequent utilisation of primary care services and secondary care services in the previous six months was observed among patients on methadone treatment and controls, although the former had significantly higher chronic illness prevalence and primary care contact rates. The study instrument facilitated data collection that was feasible and with minimal interobserver variation.

Conclusions: Multimorbidity is common among problem drug users attending general practice for methadone treatment. Primary care may therefore have an important role in primary and secondary prevention of chronic illnesses among this population. This study offers a feasible study instrument for further work on this issue.


Item Type:Article
Date:21 April 2009
Page Range:pp. 1-25
Publisher:BioMed Central
Volume:10
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Problem substance use
G Health and disease > State of health
G Health and disease > State of health > Physical health
G Health and disease > State of health > Mental health
HJ Treatment method > Substance disorder treatment method > Substance replacement method (substitution) > Methadone maintenance
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland > Dublin

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