Home > Alcohol and cigarette use in a pregnant Irish population.

Daly, SF and Kiely, J and Clarke, TA and Matthews, TG (1992) Alcohol and cigarette use in a pregnant Irish population. Irish Medical Journal , 85 , (4) , pp. 156-7.

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One hundred women were selected at random and interviewed. All were postnatal. The object was to establish the level of alcohol and cigarette consumption and the level of knowledge to potential adverse effects. Of the 100 women interviewed 89% drank prior to pregnancy, six drank between 100-120 grams/week and 19 drank > 120 grams/week. 11 women stopped drinking when they became pregnant.

In the group which drank 100-120 grams/week, 66% decreased their alcohol consumption considerably ie < 100 grams/week while pregnant, while in the group which drank > 120 grams/week only 15% decreased their alcohol consumption. 38 women binged on at least one occasion while 21 said they had binged on at least one occasion during the first trimester. 58% of women were aware of the harmful effects of alcohol during pregnancy. They compared with 93% who were aware of the harmful effects of smoking during pregnancy. Only 11% of women said a doctor had mentioned alcohol as harmful, while 57% said that a doctor had mentioned the hazard of smoking in pregnancy. The overall results show a general ignorance to the effects of alcohol consumption in pregnancy compared to the level of knowledge about smoking. The results also highlight the fact that doctors do not make patients aware of the effects of alcohol in pregnancy while they make an effort to educate people about the problems of smoking during pregnancy.


Item Type:Article
Date:December 1992
Page Range:pp. 156-7
Publisher:Irish Medical Organisation
Volume:85
Number:4
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 4283 (Available)
Related URLs:
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
E Concepts in biomedical areas > Pregnancy
B Substances > Alcohol
T Demographic characteristics > Pregnant woman
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption
G Health and disease > Substance use disorder > Alcohol use
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)

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