Home > International variations in youth drug use: the effect of individual behaviours, peer and family influences, and geographical location.

McArdle, Paul and Wiegersma, Auke and Gilvarry, Eilish and McCarthy, Steven and Fitzgerald, Michael and Kolte, Brigitta and Brinkley, Aoife and Blom, Maria and Stoeckel, Ingo and Pierolini, Anna and Michels, Ingo and Johnson, Rob and Quensel, Stephan (2000) International variations in youth drug use: the effect of individual behaviours, peer and family influences, and geographical location. European Addiction Research , 6 , (4) , pp. 163-169.

This international study investigates factors underlying international variations in rates of youth drug use among representative samples of 15-year-olds in five cities (Bremen, n = 871; Dublin, n = 983; Groningen, n = 487; Newcastle upon Tyne, n = 880; Rome, n = 666). It reveals a higher level of drug use in English-speaking compared to continental populations. Drug use was associated with peer, family and individual factors. Logistic regression showed that family structure and sport were associated with lower rates and delinquent behaviour with higher rates of drug use in all cities and among males and females. Among males, city of residence also independently predicted drug use. The effect of traditional families and studiousness in reducing drug use was most evident for male drug use in low-use cities: higher rates of use in English-speaking cities appear partially due to the drug use of low-risk males.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2000
Page Range:pp. 163-169
Publisher:Karger
Volume:6
Number:4
EndNote:View
Subjects:L Social psychology and related concepts > Social context
L Social psychology and related concepts > Marital relations > Family and kinship > Family and substance use
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > International aspects
F Concepts in psychology > Specific attitude and behaviour > risk-taking behaviour
R Research > Type of research study > Research involving two or more groups > Cross-cultural study
A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour

Click here to request a copy of this literature (must be logged in)

Repository Staff Only: item control page