Home > Drugs and crime in Ireland. Overview 3.

Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit. Connolly, Johnny (2006) Drugs and crime in Ireland. Overview 3. Dublin: Health Research Board.

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Although the link between drug use, addiction and crime has been established by international and Irish research, identifying the precise causative connection between drugs and crime has been a primary preoccupation of many writers in this area. For the purpose of this Overview, we will review the available research evidence using four explanatory causal models: the psycho-pharmacological model (Section 6) which identifies the drugs-crime link as arising as a result of the intoxicating effect of the of the drugs themselves; the economic-compulsive model (Section 7) which assumes that drug users need to generate illicit income from crime to support their drug habit; the systemic model (Section 8) which explains drug-related crime as resulting from activities associated with the illegal drug market, and the common-cause model (Section 9) which suggests that there is no direct causal link between drugs and crime but that both drug use and offending behaviour are related to other factors, including socio-economic deprivation. The question as to the link between drugs and crime is of more than mere academic relevance. Different conceptions of the link determine the way in which society responds to drug users and also inform debates about drug legislation, crime prevention, drug treatment and law enforcement. The aim of this Overview is to review and analyse the available evidence on drugs and crime in Ireland so as to inform the development of effective responses which can contribute to the reduction of drug-related crime.


Date:2006
Call No:REF, ADRU
Pages:124 p.
Publisher:Health Research Board
Corporate Creators:Health Research Board. Alcohol and Drug Research Unit
Place of Publication:Dublin
Keywords:AODR crime, crime, Ireland
Notes:includes bibliographic references, charts tables
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB 3177 (Available)
Related URLs:
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
MM-MO Crime and law > Crime > Substance related crime

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