Home > Restricting alcohol marketing to reduce alcohol consumption: a systematic review of the empirical evidence for one of the 'best buys'.

Manthey, Jakob and Jacobsen, Britta and Klinger, Sinja and Schulte, Bernd and Rehm, Jürgen (2024) Restricting alcohol marketing to reduce alcohol consumption: a systematic review of the empirical evidence for one of the 'best buys'. Addiction, 119, (5), pp. 799-811. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.16411.

External website: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.16...

BACKGROUND AND AIMS Even though a ban of alcohol marketing has been declared a 'best buy' of alcohol control policy, comprehensive systematic reviews on its effectiveness to reduce consumption are lacking. The aim of this paper was to systematically review the evidence for effects of total and partial bans of alcohol marketing on alcohol consumption.

METHODS This descriptive systematic review sought to include all empirical studies that explored how changes in the regulation of alcohol marketing impact on alcohol consumption. The search was conducted between October and December 2022 considering various scientific databases (Web of Science, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Embase) as well as Google and Google Scholar. The titles and abstracts of a total of 2572 records were screened. Of the 26 studies included in the full text screening, 11 studies were finally included in this review. Changes in consumption in relation to marketing bans were determined based on significance testing in primary studies. Four risk of bias domains (confounding, selection bias, information bias and reporting bias) were assessed.

RESULTS Seven studies examined changes in marketing restrictions in one location (New Zealand, Thailand, Canadian provinces, Spain, Norway). In the remaining studies, between 17 and 45 locations were studied (mostly high-income countries from Europe and North America). Of the 11 studies identified, six studies reported null findings. Studies reporting lower alcohol consumption following marketing restrictions were of moderate, serious and critical risk of bias. Two studies with low and moderate risk of bias found increasing alcohol consumption post marketing bans. Overall, there was insufficient evidence to conclude that alcohol marketing bans reduce alcohol consumption.

CONCLUSIONS The available empirical evidence does not support the claim of alcohol marketing bans constituting a best buy for reducing alcohol consumption.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Review
Drug Type
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
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pp. 799-811

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