Home > The role of mindfulness, meditation, and peer support in recovery capital among Recovery Dharma members.

LaBelle, Onawa and Hastings, Maurissa and Vest, Noel and Meeks, Matthew and Lucier, Krista (2023) The role of mindfulness, meditation, and peer support in recovery capital among Recovery Dharma members. Journal of Substance Use and Addiction Treatment, 145, 208939. doi: 10.1016/j.josat.2022.208939.

External website: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...

INTRODUCTION: Recovery Dharma (RD) is a Buddhist-based peer support program for the treatment of addiction that incorporates mindfulness and meditation into meetings, program literature, and the recovery process, creating the opportunity to study these variables in a peer-support program context. Mindfulness and meditation are beneficial for people in recovery, yet we know little about their relationship to recovery capital, a positive indicator of recovery outcomes. We explored mindfulness and meditation (average length of sessions and average frequency per week) as predictors of recovery capital and examined perceived support in relation to recovery capital.

METHODS: The study recruited participants (N = 209) through the RD website, newsletter and social media pages for an online survey that included measures of recovery capital, mindfulness, perceived support, and questions about meditation practices (e.g., frequency, duration). Participants' mean age was 46.68 years, with 45 % female (5.7 % non-binary), and 26.8 % from the LGBTQ2S+ community. The mean time in recovery was 7.45 years. The study fitted univariate and multivariate linear regression models to determine significant predictors of recovery capital.

RESULTS: As anticipated, multivariate linear regressions indicated that mindfulness, meditation frequency), and perceived support from RD were all significant predictors of recovery capital when controlling for age and spirituality. However, longer time in recovery and the average duration of meditation sessions did not predict recovery capital as anticipated.

CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate the importance of a regular meditation practice for recovery capital rather than engaging in prolonged sessions infrequently. The results also support previous findings, which point to the influence of mindfulness and meditation on positive outcomes for people in recovery. Further, peer support is associated with higher recovery capital in RD members. This study is the first examination of the relationship between mindfulness, meditation, peer support, and recovery capital in recovering people. The findings lay the groundwork for the continued exploration of these variables as they relate to positive outcomes both within the RD program and in other recovery pathways.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
All substances
Intervention Type
Alternative medical treatment, Rehabilitation/Recovery
February 2023
Identification #
doi: 10.1016/j.josat.2022.208939

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