Home > Substance use disorders in the farming population: scoping review.

Watanabe-Galloway, Shinobu and Chasek, Christine and Yoder, Aaron M and Bell, Jesse E (2022) Substance use disorders in the farming population: scoping review. The Journal of Rural Health, 38, (1), pp. 129-150. https://doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12575.

External website: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/j...

PURPOSE The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize the current knowledge base in order to make recommendations for prevention and treatment of substance use disorders among the farming populations.

METHODS We conducted a scoping review of peer-reviewed articles published between January 1989 and September 2019. The search yielded 3,426 citations and the final review was conducted on 42 articles. The full review was conducted by 4 authors to extract information about the target population, data collection methods, and main results.

FINDINGS There were 21 articles on farmers and 21 articles on farmworkers. The majority of the articles were about alcohol. Overall, farmers had higher prevalence of risky alcohol consumption patterns than nonfarmers. The prevalence of risky alcohol consumption was also high among farmworkers compared to the general population. Risk factors for risky alcohol consumption included male gender, lower socioeconomic status, and psychological problems (eg, depression). Recommendations for prevention and intervention of alcohol disorders included policy development and implementation to curb alcohol access by taxation, screening of alcohol-related problems, and alternative means of recreation instead of alcohol consumption.

CONCLUSIONS This review confirmed that alcohol-related problems are prevalent among farmers and farmworkers. More population-based research is called for to understand the additional risk factors of alcohol disorders and the prevalence of other substance-related disorders. Also, interventions should be tailored to the unique culture of farmers and farmworkers.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Review
Drug Type
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
Identification #
Page Range
pp. 129-150

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