Home > Perspectives and sentiments on contingency management from people who use methamphetamine.

Clay, Simon and Wilkinson, Zachary and Ginley, Meredith and Arunogiri, Shalini and Christmass, Michael and Membrey, Dean and MacCartney, Paul and Sutherland, Rachel and Colledge-Frisby, Samantha and Marshall, Alison D and Nagle, Jack and Degenhardt, Louisa and Farrell, Michael and McKetin, Rebecca (2023) Perspectives and sentiments on contingency management from people who use methamphetamine. Drug and Alcohol Review, 42, (6), pp. 1247-1437. doi: 10.1111/dar.13691.

External website: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dar.13...

INTRODUCTION: Contingency management (CM) is currently the most efficacious treatment for methamphetamine use, yet it is rarely available in routine care. We examined the viewpoints of people who use methamphetamine on CM as a potential treatment for methamphetamine use disorder.

METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews with 30 Australians aged 18 years or older who had used methamphetamine at least weekly in the past 6 months.

RESULTS: Participants reported overall positive attitudes towards CM as a potential treatment option for methamphetamine use disorder. However, there was need for greater flexibility in meeting participant treatment goals (e.g., reduced use or complete abstinence), with particular concern about the viability of initiating abstinence, both in terms of the sufficiency of the initial financial incentive and managing withdrawal symptoms. There was strong interest in the use of digital technologies to provide remote CM, particularly around the convenience and flexibility this offered. Despite this, participants remained keen to access adjunctive treatment and support services but stressed that engagement with these additional services should not be mandatory. Marketing of CM will need to address preconceptions about drug-testing used in abstinence-based CM being punitive (especially urine testing) and its connotations with criminal justice interventions.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Positive attitudes towards CM bode well for potential uptake should CM be made available in routine clinical practice. However, there is a need to adapt CM to ensure it is feasible and attractive to people who are seeking treatment for methamphetamine use disorder.

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