Home > Neurobiology of disorganized attachment: a review of primary studies on human beings.

Arancibia, Marcelo and Lutz, Mariane and Ardiles, Álvaro and Fuentes, Camila (2023) Neurobiology of disorganized attachment: a review of primary studies on human beings. Neuroscience Insights, 18, 26331055221145681. doi: 10.1177/26331055221145681.

External website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC99476...

This article describes and analyzes various aspects related to the neurobiology of disorganized attachment (DA), which is associated with personality, eating, affective, dissociative, and addictive disorders. We included primary studies in humans, published in PubMed from 2000 to 2022. Eight genetic and one epigenetic study were considered. Three molecular studies describe possible roles of oxytocin and cortisol, seven neurophysiological studies investigated functional correlates, and five morphological studies describe anatomical changes. Findings in candidate genes involved in dopaminergic, serotonergic, and oxytonergic systems have not been able to be replicated in large-scale human studies. Alterations in the functioning of cortisol and oxytocin are preliminary. Neurophysiological studies show changes in subcortical structures (mainly in the hippocampus) and occipital, temporal, parietal, and insular cortices. Since there is a lack of robust evidence on the neurobiology of DA in humans, the possible inferences of these studies are preliminary, which restricts their translation to clinical parameters.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Review, Article
Drug Type
All substances
Intervention Type
Screening / Assessment
February 2023
Identification #
doi: 10.1177/26331055221145681

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