Home > Prenatal effects of nicotine on obesity risks: a narrative review.

White, Olivia and Roeder, Nicole and Blum, Kenneth and Eiden, Rina D and Thanos, Panayotis K (2022) Prenatal effects of nicotine on obesity risks: a narrative review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19, (15), 9477. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19159477.

External website: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/19/15/9477

Nicotine usage by mothers throughout pregnancy has been observed to relate to numerous deleterious effects in children, especially relating to obesity. Children who have prenatally been exposed to nicotine tend to have lower birth weights, with an elevated risk of becoming overweight throughout development and into their adolescent and adult life. There are numerous theories as to how this occurs: catch-up growth theory, thrifty phenotype theory, neurotransmitter or endocrine imbalances theory, and a more recent examination on the genetic factors relating to obesity risk. In addition to the negative effect on bodyweight and BMI, individuals with obesity may also suffer from numerous comorbidities involving metabolic disease. These may include type 1 and 2 diabetes, high cholesterol levels, and liver disease. Predisposition for obesity with nicotine usage may also be associated with genetic risk alleles for obesity, such as the DRD2 A1 variant. This is important for prenatally nicotine-exposed individuals as an opportunity to provide early prevention and intervention of obesity-related risks.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Tobacco / Nicotine
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
2 August 2022
Identification #
doi: 10.3390/ijerph19159477

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