Home > Interventions to increase youth employment: an evidence and gap map.

Apunyo, Robert and White, Howard and Otike, Caroline and Katairo, Thomas and Puerto, Sussana and Gardiner, Drew and Kinengyere, Alison Annet and Eyers, John and Saran, Ashrita and Obuku, Ekwaro A (2022) Interventions to increase youth employment: an evidence and gap map. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 18, (1), e1216. https://doi.org/10.1002/cl2.1216.

External website: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/c...

Globally, 13% of the youth are not in education, employment or training (NEET). Moreover, this persistent problem has been exacerbated by the shock of Covid-19 pandemic. More youth from disadvantaged backgrounds are likely unemployed than those from better off backgrounds. Thus, the need for increased use of evidence in the design and implementation of youth employment interventions to increase effectiveness and sustainability of interventions and outcomes. Evidence and gap maps (EGMs) can promote evidence-based decision making by guiding policy makers, development partners and researchers to areas with good bodies of evidence and those with little or no evidence. The scope of the Youth Employment EGM is global. The map covers all youth aged 15–35 years. The three broad intervention categories included in the EGM are: strengthening training and education systems, enhancing labour market and, transforming financial sector markets. There are five outcome categories: education and skills; entrepreneurship; employment; welfare and economic outcomes. The EGM contains impact evaluations of interventions implemented to increase youth employment and systematic reviews of such single studies, published or made available between 2000 and 2019.

Conclusions: The Youth Employment EGM identifies trends in evidence notably the following:

  • Most evidence is from high-income countries, an indication of the relationship between a country's income status and research productivity.
  • The most common study designs are experimental.

Most of the evidence is of low quality. This finding serves to alert researchers, practitioners and policy makers that more rigorous work is needed to inform youth employment interventions. Blending of interventions is practiced. While this could be an indication that blended intervention could be offering better outcomes, this remains an area with a research gap.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Review, Article
February 2022
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The Campbell Collaboration

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