Home > Alcohol and the brain.

Nutt, David and Hayes, Alexandra and Fonville, Leon and Zafar, Rayyan and Palmer, Emily O C and Paterson, Louise and Lingford-Hughes, Anne (2021) Alcohol and the brain. Nutrients, 13, (11), p. 3938. doi: 10.3390/nu13113938.

External website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC86250...

Alcohol works on the brain to produce its desired effects, e.g., sociability and intoxication, and hence the brain is an important organ for exploring subsequent harms. These come in many different forms such as the consequences of damage during intoxication, e.g., from falls and fights, damage from withdrawal, damage from the toxicity of alcohol and its metabolites and altered brain structure and function with implications for behavioral processes such as craving and addiction. On top of that are peripheral factors that compound brain damage such as poor diet, vitamin deficiencies leading to Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Prenatal alcohol exposure can also have a profound impact on brain development and lead to irremediable changes of fetal alcohol syndrome. This chapter briefly reviews aspects of these with a particular focus on recent brain imaging results. Cardiovascular effects of alcohol that lead to brain pathology are not covered as they are dealt with elsewhere in the volume.

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