Home > International expert consensus on electronic nicotine delivery systems and heated tobacco products: a Delphi survey.

Berlin, Ivan and Jacot-Sadowski, Isabelle and Humair, Jean-Paul and Cornuz, Jacques (2021) International expert consensus on electronic nicotine delivery systems and heated tobacco products: a Delphi survey. BMJ Open, 11, (e045724), doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045724.

External website: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/11/9/e045724

Objectives To provide a consensus from a panel of international experts about electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and heated tobacco products (HTP).

Methods A Delphi survey was conducted among international experts in tobacco control and smoking cessation. The first part addressed statements or recommendations about ENDS, the second about HTP, both divided into four categories: regulation, sale, use and general issues.

Participants: Experts from 15 countries. Individuals with clinical, public health or research expertise in tobacco control and/or smoking cessation.

Results 268 experts were contacted, 92 (34%) completed the first, 55/92 (60%) the second round. Consensus for ENDS: components of e-liquids, an upper limit of nicotine concentration should be defined; a warning on the lack of evidence in long-term safety and addiction potential should be stated; ENDS should not be regulated as consumer products but either as a new category of nicotine delivery or tobacco products; ENDS should not be sold in general stores but in specialised shops, shops selling tobacco or in pharmacies with restriction on sale to minors; administration of illegal drugs is likely with ENDS. Consensus for HTP: HTP have the same addictive potential as cigarettes; they should be regulated as a tobacco product with similar warning messages as cigarettes; their advertisement should not be allowed. ENDS and HTP use should not be allowed in indoor public places; a specific tax should be implemented for ENDS, taxes on HTP should not be lower than those for cigarettes; use of cigarettes is more likely with both ENDS and HTP (dual use) than quitting smoking.

Conclusions Experts in tobacco control and/or smoking cessation recommend differential regulation for ENDS and HTP. The results of this survey may be useful for health authorities, decision makers and researchers of the tobacco use and cessation field.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Tobacco / Nicotine
Intervention Type
Harm reduction, Policy
September 2021
Identification #
doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045724

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