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Home > The unmet rehabilitation needs in an inclusion health integrated care programme for homeless adults in Dublin, Ireland.

Carroll, Áine and O'Brien, Siobhan and Harrington, Dee and Cheallaigh, Clíona Ní and Lawlee, Ann-Marie and Sukumar, Prasanth (2021) The unmet rehabilitation needs in an inclusion health integrated care programme for homeless adults in Dublin, Ireland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18, (15), p. 7917. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157917.

External website: https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/15/7917

BACKGROUND
People who become homeless have higher morbidity and mortality, use a disproportionate amount of healthcare resources, and generate a large volume of potentially preventable healthcare and other costs compared to more privileged individuals. Although access to rehabilitation is a human right under article 26 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the rehabilitation needs of individuals with homelessness have not been explored, and this project's purpose was to establish a baseline of need for this cohort.

METHODS
A prospective audit of case discussions at an inclusion health service over a 2-month period in 2018.

RESULTS
Four multidisciplinary inclusion health clinics were observed with over 20 cases discussed in each and data were extracted using a bespoke audit data extraction tool. The inclusion health needs were diverse and complex with many unmet rehabilitation needs. Physical and cognitive rehabilitation needs were identified in over 50% of cases discussed. Musculoskeletal problems and acquired brain injuries were the most common cause of activity limitation. Most had concurrent medical conditions and addiction and/or mental health needs. None had access to rehabilitation services.

CONCLUSION
The results of this study show that the rehabilitative needs of this cohort are significant and are not being met through traditional models of care. We are currently exploring innovative ways to provide appropriate services to these individuals.


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