Home > Comparison of methods for alcohol and drug screening in primary care clinics.

McNeely, Jennifer and Adam, Angéline and Rotrosen, John and Wakeman, Sarah E and Wilens, Timothy E and Kannry, Joseph and Rosenthal, Richard N and Wahle, Aimee and Pitts, Seth and Farkas, Sarah and Rosa, Carmen and Peccoralo, Lauren and Waite, Eva and Vega, Aida and Kent, Jennifer and Craven, Catherine K and Kaminski, Tamar A and Firmin, Elizabeth and Isenberg, Benjamin and Harris, Melanie and Kushniruk, Andre and Hamilton, Leah (2021) Comparison of methods for alcohol and drug screening in primary care clinics. JAMA Network Open, 4, (5), e2110721. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.10721.

External website: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/f...

Question: How are commonly used screening methods for alcohol and drug use associated with implementation outcomes among adult patients in primary care clinics, and what is the best approach for implementing electronic health record–integrated screening?

Findings: In this quality improvement study implementing systematic screening for alcohol and drug use among 93 114 patients in 6 primary care clinics, 72% of patients completed screening. Screening at any visit (in comparison with screening at annual examinations only) was associated with higher screening rates for alcohol and drug use, and self-administered screening was associated with greater detection of moderate- to high-risk alcohol use compared with staff-administered screening.

Meaning: These findings suggest that, to maximize the adoption of substance use screening during primary care visits, clinics can conduct screening at any visit and use self-administered screening tools to increase the detection of unhealthy alcohol use among adult patients.

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