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Home > Smoking cessation and counseling: A mixed methods study of pediatricians and parents.

Simoneau, Tregony and Hollenbach, Jessica P and Langton, Christine R and Kuo, Chia-Ling and Cloutier, Michelle M (2021) Smoking cessation and counseling: A mixed methods study of pediatricians and parents. PLoS ONE, 16, (2), e0246231. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246231.

External website: https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.13...

OBJECTIVE
Pediatric providers play an important role in parental and youth smoking cessation. The goal of this study was to understand smoking cessation attitudes of parents and the behaviors, confidence and self-efficacy of pediatricians related to providing smoking cessation counseling to parents and youth.

METHODS
A mixed methods study was conducted in a convenience sample of families (n = 1,549) and pediatric primary care clinicians (n = 95) in Connecticut using surveys and focus groups from April, 2016 to January, 2017.

RESULTS
The smoking rate (cigarettes or electronic cigarettes) among all households surveyed was 21%. Interest in quitting smoking was high (71%) and did not differ based on smoking amount, duration, type of community of residence (urban, rural, etc), or race/ethnicity. For example, compared to participants who smoked for <10 years, those who smoked ≥20 years had a similar interest in quitting (OR = 1.12; 95% CI: 0.85-1.48). Ninety percent of clinicians surveyed asked parents about their smoking behavior at least annually but 36% offered no smoking cessation counseling services or referral. Clinicians almost always reported counseling youth about the dangers of nicotine and tobacco use (99%), were more confident about counseling youth than parents (p<0.01) and reported low self-efficacy about smoking cessation and prevention counseling of parents and youth. Ninety-three percent of clinicians opined that electronic cigarettes were equally or more dangerous than cigarettes but 34% never counseled youth about the dangers of electronic cigarettes.

CONCLUSIONS
Clinicians frequently screen parents about their smoking behaviors, but rarely provide smoking cessation counseling and express low confidence in this activity. Clinicians are more confident counseling youth than parents. Clinicians also recognize the dangers of electronic cigarettes, yet they infrequently counsel youth about these dangers.


Item Type
Article
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Tobacco / Nicotine
Intervention Type
Treatment method, Harm reduction
Date
2021
Identification #
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246231
Page Range
e0246231
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Volume
16
Number
2
EndNote

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