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Home > Clinical question: Can relapse prevention interventions help adults who have quit smoking on their own to maintain abstinence?

Kavirajan, Harish [The Cochrane Library] . (2019) Clinical question: Can relapse prevention interventions help adults who have quit smoking on their own to maintain abstinence? Cochrane Clinical Answers DOI: 10.1002/cca.2615

URL: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cca/doi/10.1002/cc...

RCTs including over 2000 people suggest that nicotine gum improved continued abstinence rates among adults who had quit smoking on their own (on average, 225 vs 182 per 1000 people had maintained cessation at 12 months). However, behavioral interventions seemed to have no impact on findings of trials including around 3500 people. The behavioral interventions examined in the negative trials were quite varied and included mailing relapse prevention booklets, receiving telephone support from a quit‐line, and reading tailored advice letters and self‐help materials. The quality of all trials was uncertain due to failure to report adequate randomization and blinding and high trial withdrawal rates.

For effects of relapse prevention in other populations, see CCA 2613 (for pregnant women), 2614 (for hospitalized patients), and 2616 (for adults who quit smoking after receiving assistance).


Item Type
International research
Publication Type
Guideline
Drug Type
Tobacco / Nicotine
Intervention Type
Treatment method
Date
28 November 2019
EndNote

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