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Home > Smoking cessation in inpatient psychiatry treatment facilities: a review.

Kagabo, Robert and Gordon, Adam J and Okuyemi, Kola . (2020) Smoking cessation in inpatient psychiatry treatment facilities: a review. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 11 (100255) doi: 10.1016/j.abrep.2020.100255

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC72449...

Background: Tobacco-related diseases are a leading cause of death among individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), yet interventions to address tobacco cessation are rare in inpatient settings where persons with SMI are hospitalized. While cigarette smoking rates have declined in the general population, they remain high in persons with SMI. Inpatient settings would be a prime location to intervene on tobacco consumption among persons with SMI. The objective of this review was to examine evidence of smoking cessation interventions in psychiatric inpatient facilities.

Method: Using narrative overview guidelines, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL for smoking cessation RCT studies published between 1950 and 2018. Studies included had to have at least started in inpatient psychiatry settings. Examples of search terms included: smoking cessation in inpatient psychiatry, smoking cessation in inpatient mental health treatment facilities, and smoking cessation and mental health.

Results: Following the inclusion criteria, eight RCT studies were reviewed. One study was among adolescent psychiatric inpatient smokers ages 13-17, and 7 were among adult psychiatric inpatients with mean age 41 years. Treatment periods lasting 8 to 12 weeks started in inpatient settings and continued post discharge. A combination of behavioral and pharmacological interventions were used. Pharmacological interventions were nicotine replacement therapies, and at least one study used varenicline. At baseline, participants smoked an average of 18.1 cigarettes per day.

Conclusion: Smoking cessation in inpatient psychiatry settings is rare or delayed. There is a need for more tailored treatments among this population to help them quit smoking.


Item Type
Evidence resource
Drug Type
Tobacco
Intervention Type
AOD disorder, AOD disorder treatment method
Date
June 2020
Page Range
p. 100255
Volume
11
Number
100255
EndNote

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