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Home > Non-adherence to telemedicine interventions for drug users: systematic review.

Moreira, Taís de Campos and Signor, Luciana and Figueiró, Luciana Rizzieri and Fernandes, Simone and Bortolon, Cassandra Borges and Benchaya, Mariana Canellas and Ferigolo, Maristela and Barros, Helena Mt . (2014) Non-adherence to telemedicine interventions for drug users: systematic review. Revista de Saude Publica, 48 (3) 521-31. doi: 10.1590/S0034-8910.2014048005130

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC42030...

OBJECTIVE: To estimate rates of non-adherence to telemedicine strategies aimed at treating drug addiction.

METHODS: A systematic review was conducted of randomized controlled trials investigating different telemedicine treatment methods for drug addiction. The following databases were consulted between May 18, 2012 and June 21, 2012: PubMed, PsycINFO, SciELO, Wiley (The Cochrane Library), Embase, Clinical trials and Google Scholar. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation was used to evaluate the quality of the studies. The criteria evaluated were: appropriate sequence of data generation, allocation concealment, blinding, description of losses and exclusions and analysis by intention to treat. There were 274 studies selected, of which 20 were analyzed.

RESULTS: Non-adherence rates varied between 15.0% and 70.0%. The interventions evaluated were of at least three months duration and, although they all used telemedicine as support, treatment methods differed. Regarding the quality of the studies, the values also varied from very poor to high quality. High quality studies showed better adherence rates, as did those using more than one technique of intervention and a limited treatment time. Mono-user studies showed better adherence rates than poly-user studies.

CONCLUSIONS: Rates of non-adherence to treatment involving telemedicine on the part of users of psycho-active substances differed considerably, depending on the country, the intervention method, follow-up time and substances used. Using more than one technique of intervention, short duration of treatment and the type of substance used by patients appear to facilitate adherence.


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