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Home > Influence of electronic cigarette characteristics on susceptibility, perceptions, and abuse liability indices among combustible tobacco cigarette smokers and non-smokers.

Hoetger, Cosima and Bono, Rose S and Nicksic, Nicole E and Barnes, Andrew J and Cobb, Caroline O (2019) Influence of electronic cigarette characteristics on susceptibility, perceptions, and abuse liability indices among combustible tobacco cigarette smokers and non-smokers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 16 , (10) . doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101825.

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC65722...

This study assessed how electronic cigarette (ECIG) characteristics amenable to regulation-namely nicotine content, flavor, and modified risk messages-impact ECIG use susceptibility, harm/addiction perceptions, and abuse liability indices among combustible tobacco cigarette (CTC) smokers and non-smokers. CTC smokers and non-smokers varying in ECIG use recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) completed an online survey in 2016 (analytic = 706). Participants were randomly assigned to one of eight conditions differing in ECIG characteristics: nicotine content (no, low, high), flavor (menthol, tobacco, fruit), or modified risk message (reduced harm, reduced carcinogen exposure). Regressions assessed ECIG susceptibility, harm/addiction perceptions, and abuse liability indices (purchase task measures of breakpoint/intensity) within each regulatory domain (nicotine content, flavor, message) and their interactions with CTC/ECIG status. Differential effects on ECIG susceptibility, harm/addiction perceptions, and abuse liability indices were observed by regulatory domain with many effects moderated by CTC/ECIG status. ECIG nicotine content and flavor conditions were the most influential across outcomes. Greater nicotine content, tobacco-flavored and reduced carcinogen exposure ECIGs were more highly preferred by CTC smokers with some differing preferences for non-users. Findings reinforce consideration of discrete ECIG preferences across tobacco use status to improve regulatory efficacy.


Item Type
Article
Publication Type
International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Tobacco / Nicotine
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
Date
23 May 2019
Identification #
doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101825
Pages
1825
Volume
16
Number
10
EndNote

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