Home > Dose-response relative risk of injury from acute alcohol onsumption in 22 countries: are women at higher risk than men?

Cherpitel, Cheryl J and Ye, Yu and Monteiro, Maristela G . (2019) Dose-response relative risk of injury from acute alcohol onsumption in 22 countries: are women at higher risk than men? Alcohol and Alcoholism, 54 (4)

AIMS
The risk of injury from alcohol consumption was analyzed by gender, controlling for frequency of heavy drinking occasions, and by cause of injury (traffic, violence, fall, other).

METHODS
Case-crossover analysis was conducted on 18,627 injured patients arriving at the emergency department (ED) within six hours of the event.

FINDINGS
Risk of injury was similar for females and males at ≤3 drinks prior to injury (OR = 2.74 vs. 2.76, respectively). At higher volume levels females were at greater risk than males, and significantly so at 3.1-6 drinks and 6.1-10 drinks (gender by volume interaction: OR = 0.60, CI = 0.39-0.93 and OR = 0.50, CI = 0.27-0.93, respectively). For those reporting 5+ ≥ monthly, females were at higher risk than males at all volume levels, and the gender by volume interaction was stronger than for those consuming 5+ <monthly at ≤3 drinks (OR = 0.51, CI = 0.28-0.92) and 6.1-10 drinks (OR = 0.39, CI = 0.18-0.82). Females were at higher risk of injury than males for all causes of injury except those related to traffic at lower levels of consumption (<6 drinks), although the gender by volume interaction was significant only for injury from other causes at 3.1-6 drinks (OR = 0.23, CI = 0.09-0.87).

CONCLUSIONS
Females are at higher risk of injury than males, regardless of frequency of heavy drinking and for all causes other than those related to traffic.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Drug Type:Alcohol
Date:2019
Volume:54
Number:4
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption > Binge / risky drinking
B Substances > Alcohol
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > Risk factors
T Demographic characteristics > Gender differences
VA Geographic area > International aspects

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