Home > Fundamental rule for therapists: know and be who you are.

Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2019) Fundamental rule for therapists: know and be who you are. London: Drug and Alcohol Findings.

PDF (Congruence/genuineness: a meta-analysis summary)

URL: https://findings.org.uk/PHP/dl.php?file=Kolden_GG_...

Key points from summary and commentary:

For the American Psychological Association, this review amalgamated findings relating psychotherapy outcomes to the therapist’s character integration, personal awareness and authenticity (‘congruence’) or the closely related quality of conveying ‘genuineness’.


The overall link between congruence/genuineness and outcomes was moderate but statistically significant, and in individual studies almost uniformly in the direction of greater congruence/genuineness being associated with better outcomes.


Though causality cannot be established by the types of studies included in the analysis, it is probable, and the safest stance for trainers, supervisors, therapists, and counsellors is to presume that conveying genuineness and authenticity is an important way therapists underpin an effective therapeutic relationship.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Review
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:AOD disorder treatment method, Psychosocial treatment method
Source:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Date:February 2019
Publisher:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Corporate Creators:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Place of Publication:London
Subjects:F Concepts in psychology > Attitude and behaviour > Attitude toward substance use > Attitude toward person who uses substances (user)
HJ Treatment method > Psychosocial treatment method
HJ Treatment method > Directive and nondirective therapy
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Treatment and maintenance > Provider / worker / staff attitude toward treatment
T Demographic characteristics > Counsellor / Therapist
VA Geographic area > United States

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