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Home > Pathological Internet use among European adolescents: psychopathology and self-destructive behaviours.

Kaess, Michael and Durkee, Tony and Brunner, Romuald and Carli, Vladimir and Parzer, Peter and Wasserman, Camilla and Sarchiapone, Marco and Hoven, Christina and Apter, Alan and Balazs, Judit and Balint, Maria and Bobes, Julio and Cohen, Renaud and Cosman, Doina and Cotter, Padraig and Fischer, Gloria and Floderus, Birgitta and Iosue, Miriam and Haring, Christian and Kahn, Jean-Pierre and Musa, George J and Nemes, Bogdan and Postuvan, Vita and Resch, Franz and Saiz, Pilar A and Sisask, Merike and Snir, Avigal and Varnik, Airi and Žiberna, Janina and Wasserman, Danuta (2014) Pathological Internet use among European adolescents: psychopathology and self-destructive behaviours. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 23, (11), pp. 1093-102. doi: 10.1007/s00787-014-0562-7.

External website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC42296...

Rising global rates of pathological Internet use (PIU) and related psychological impairments have gained considerable attention in recent years. In an effort to acquire evidence-based knowledge of this relationship, the main objective of this study was to investigate the association between PIU, psychopathology and self-destructive behaviours among school-based adolescents in eleven European countries. This cross-sectional study was implemented within the framework of the European Union project: Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe. A representative sample of 11,356 school-based adolescents (M/F: 4,856/6,500; mean age: 14.9) was included in the analyses. PIU was assessed using the Young's Diagnostic Questionnaire. Psychopathology was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Self-destructive behaviours were evaluated by the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory and Paykel Suicide Scale.

Results showed that suicidal behaviours (suicidal ideation and suicide attempts), depression, anxiety, conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention were significant and independent predictors of PIU. The correlation between PIU, conduct problems and hyperactivity/inattention was stronger among females, while the link between PIU and symptoms of depression, anxiety and peer relationship problems was stronger among males. The association between PIU, psychopathology and self-destructive behaviours was stronger in countries with a higher prevalence of PIU and suicide rates. These findings ascertain that psychopathology and suicidal behaviours are strongly related to PIU. This association is significantly influenced by gender and country suggesting socio-cultural influences. At the clinical and public health levels, targeting PIU among adolescents in the early stages could potentially lead to improvements of psychological well-being and a reduction of suicidal behaviours.


Item Type
Article
Publication Type
Irish-related, International, Open Access, Article
Drug Type
Behavioural addiction
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
Date
November 2014
Identification #
doi: 10.1007/s00787-014-0562-7
Page Range
pp. 1093-102
Publisher
Springer
Volume
23
Number
11
EndNote

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