Home > City-based action to reduce harmful alcohol use: review of reviews.

Anderson, Peter and Jané-Llopi, Eva and Hasan, Omer Syed Muhammad and Rehm, Jürgen . (2018) City-based action to reduce harmful alcohol use: review of reviews. F1000Research. F1000Research, 7 (120) doi: 10.12688/f1000research.13783.1

URL: https://f1000research.com/articles/7-120/v2

Background: The World Health Organization global strategy on alcohol called for municipal policies to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. Yet, there is limited evidence that documents the impact of city-level alcohol policies.

Results: Five relevant reviews were identified. Studies in the reviews were all from high income countries and focussed on the acute consequences of drinking, usually with one target intervention, commonly bars, media, or drink-driving. No studies in the reviews reported the impact of comprehensive city-based action. One community cluster randomized controlled trial in Australia, published after the reviews, failed to find convincing evidence of an impact of community-based interventions in reducing adult harmful use of alcohol.

Conclusions: To date, with one exception, the impact of adult-oriented comprehensive community and municipal action to reduce the harmful use of alcohol has not been studied. The one exception failed to find a convincing effect. We conclude with recommendations for closing this evidence gap.

Item Type:Evidence resource
Drug Type:Alcohol
Intervention Type:AOD disorder harm reduction
Date:February 2018
Subjects:B Substances > Alcohol
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Substance use prevention > Substance use harm reduction
MA-ML Social science, culture and community > Type of society and culture > Urban society
MP-MR Policy, planning, economics, work and social services > Policy > Policy on substance use > Harm reduction policy

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