Home > Same crime: different punishment? Investigating sentencing disparities between Irish and non-Irish nationals in the Irish criminal justice system.

Brandon, Avril Margaret and O'Connell, Michael (2017) Same crime: different punishment? Investigating sentencing disparities between Irish and non-Irish nationals in the Irish criminal justice system. British Journal of Criminology , azx080 .

URL: https://academic.oup.com/bjc/advance-article/doi/1...

Ireland’s economic growth from the late 1990s prompted sustained and diverse inward migration, resulting in substantial changes in the population and reshaping the social and cultural landscape. These shifts have also been visible among those processed by the criminal justice system, with a marked increase in the number of non-Irish nationals committed to Irish prisons. International research suggests that racism is a significant issue within criminal justice systems, with ethnic minority groups often disadvantaged. Despite these findings and the growth in non-Irish national prisoners, little research has assessed the impact of racial bias on Irish sentencing outcomes. This exploratory study examines whether disparities exist between the sentencing of Irish and non-Irish defendants, using data from the Irish Prison Service.

Non-Irish nationals were statistically significantly under-represented in the offence categories, ‘attempted robbery’, ‘vehicle theft’, ‘criminal damage’, ‘robbery’, ‘parking fine offences’, ‘assault causing harm’, ‘intoxication in a public place’, ‘threatening behaviour in a public place’, ‘unlawful possession of drugs’ and ‘no television licence’. They were statistically significantly over-represented in the offence categories, ‘driving under the influence’, ‘no vehicle insurance’, ‘theft’ and ‘possession of drugs for sale/supply (to the value of <€13,000)’. The implications of non-Irish national over-representation in the offence, ‘possession of drugs for sale/supply (to the value of <€13,000)’ will be explored in the discussion.


Item Type:Article
Date:December 2017
Publisher:Oxford
Volume:azx080
EndNote:View
Subjects:MA-ML Social science, culture and community > Sociocultural discrimination concepts > Minority group (racial group, immigrant, Traveller)
MM-MO Crime and law > Crime > Substance related crime
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance related offence > Drug offence > Illegal distribution of drugs (drug market / dealing)
MM-MO Crime and law > Substance related offence > Alcohol offence > Illegal alcohol sales and seizures
MM-MO Crime and law > Criminal penalty
MM-MO Crime and law > Law enforcement and the justice system
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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