Home > Neuroimaging of chronic alcohol misuse.

Logan, Caitriona and Asadi, Hamed and Kok, Hong Kuan and Looby, Seamus T and Brennan, Paul and O'Hare, Alan and Thornton, John Neuroimaging of chronic alcohol misuse. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 61, (4),

Alcohol is one of the most commonly abused substances worldwide. It results in a wide range of diseases and disorders affecting many organ systems. Alcohol-related nutritional deficiencies and electrolyte disturbance leave chronic abusers at risk of a range of demyelinating conditions to which the radiologist and clinician should always be alert. These include Wernicke's encephalopathy, Korsakoff's syndrome, Marchiafava-Bignami disease and osmotic demyelination. Cerebral volume loss is also a commonly encountered neuroimaging phenomenon in chronic alcohol abusers. Neuroimaging with CT and MR, with a focus on FLAIR and diffusion-weighted MR sequences, play an important role in the diagnosis and often monitoring of these conditions. We present an educational review of these entities in terms of their clinical features, neuropathology and imaging features along with a case example of each condition.

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