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Home > Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder.

Kelly, John F and Humphreys, Keith and Ferri, Marica (2020) Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12‐step programs for alcohol use disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews , (3) . https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD012880.pub2.

URL: https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/1...

The studies varied in design; and whether treatments were delivered according to standardized procedures (i.e. manualized); and whether AA/TSF (Alcoholics Anonymous / Twelve‐Step Facilitation) was compared to a treatment that had a different theoretical basis (e.g. cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)), or to a different type of TSF (i.e. one that varied in style or intensity from the AA TSF). There is high quality evidence that manualized AA/TSF interventions are more effective than other established treatments, such as CBT, for increasing abstinence. Non‐manualized AA/TSF may perform as well as these other established treatments. AA/TSF interventions, both manualized and non‐manualized, may be at least as effective as other treatments for other alcohol‐related outcomes. AA/TSF probably produces substantial healthcare cost savings among people with alcohol use disorder.


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