Home > Factors associated with different smoking status in European adolescents: results of the SEYLE study.

Banzer, Raphaela and Haring, C and Buchheim, A and Oehler, S and Carli, V and Wasserman, C and Kaess, M and Apter, A and Balazs, J and Bobes, J and Brunner, R and Corcoran, P and Cosman, D and Hoven, C W and Kahn, J P and Keeley, H S and Postuvan, V and Podlogar, T and Sisask, M and Värnik, A and Sarchiapone, M and Wasserman, D (2017) Factors associated with different smoking status in European adolescents: results of the SEYLE study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , 26 , (11) , pp. 1319-1329.

URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00787-...

Early onset and long-term smoking are associated with physical and psychological health problems. The aim of the presented analysis was to investigate risk and influencing factors for different smoking status in a big sample of European adolescents.

In the context of the "saving and empowering young lives in Europe" (SEYLE) study we surveyed 12,328 adolescents at the age of 13-17 from 11 countries. The survey took place in a school-based context using a questionnaire. Overall 58% reported the onset of ever-smoking under the age of 14 and 30.9% smoke on a daily basis. Multinomial logistic regression model showed significant positive associations between adolescent smoking and internalizing problems (suicidal behavior, direct self-injurious behavior, anxiety), externalizing problems (conduct problems, hyperactivity, substance consumption) and family problems (parental substance consumption, broken home). Our data show that smoking among adolescents is still a major public health problem and adolescents who smoke are at higher risk for mental problems. Further, adolescent smoking is associated with broken home families and parental behaviors. Therefore, early preventive measures are necessary not only for adolescents, but also for their parents.

Item Type:Article
Page Range:pp. 1319-1329
Subjects:B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking) > Tobacco smoke (cigarette law / policy)
G Health and disease > State of health > Mental health
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors > Risk factors
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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