Home > Personalised normative feedback for preventing alcohol misuse in university students: Solomon three-group randomised controlled trial.

Moreira, Maria T and Oskrochi, Reza and Foxcroft, David R [PLOS One] . (2012) Personalised normative feedback for preventing alcohol misuse in university students: Solomon three-group randomised controlled trial. Public Library of Science. PLoS ONE, 7 (9) /10.1371/journal.pone.0044120

URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.137...

BACKGROUND: Young people tend to over-estimate peer group drinking levels. Personalised normative feedback (PNF) aims to correct this misperception by providing information about personal drinking levels and patterns compared with norms in similar aged peer groups. PNF is intended to raise motivation for behaviour change and has been highlighted for alcohol misuse prevention by the British Government Behavioural Insight Team. The objective of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of PNF with college students for the prevention of alcohol misuse.

METHODOLOGY: Solomon three-group randomised controlled trial. 1751 students, from 22 British Universities, allocated to a PNF group, a normal control group, or a delayed measurement control group to allow assessment of any measurement effects. PNF was provided by email. Participants completed online questionnaires at baseline, 6- and 12-months (only 12-months for the delayed measurement controls). Drinking behaviour measures were (i) alcohol disorders; (ii) frequency; (iii) typical quantity, (iv) weekly consumption; (v) alcohol-related problems; (vi) perceived drinking norms; and (vii) positive alcohol expectancies. Analyses focused on high-risk drinkers, as well as all students, because of research evidence for the prevention paradox in student drinkers.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Follow-up rates were low, with only 50% and 40% responding at 6- and 12-months, respectively, though comparable to similar European studies. We found no evidence for any systematic attrition bias. Overall, statistical analyses with the high risk sub-sample, and for all students, showed no significant effects of the intervention, at either time-point, in a completed case analysis and a multiple imputation analysis.

CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence for the effectiveness of PNF for the prevention of alcohol misuse and alcohol-related problems in a UK student population.

 

[See also article in Drug and Alcohol Findings, 27 September 2016, http://findings.org.uk/PHP/dl.php?file=Moreira_MT_2.cab&s=]

Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Review
Drug Type:Alcohol
Intervention Type:AOD prevention, AOD disorder harm reduction
Source:PLOS One
Date:2012
Page Range:e44120
Publisher:Public Library of Science
Volume:7
Number:9
EndNote:View
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption
B Substances > Alcohol
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Substance use prevention
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Prevention outcome
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Basic prevention categories > Targeted prevention
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Prevention approach > Prevention through information and education
N Communication, information and education > Educational environment (school / college) > Student behaviour and participation
T Demographic characteristics > Undergraduate or graduate student
VA Geographic area > Europe > United Kingdom

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