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Home > Assessing national capacity for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: report of the 2015 global survey.

World Health Organization. (2016) Assessing national capacity for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: report of the 2015 global survey. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, and their key risk factors – tobacco, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity – remain the leading causes of death globally.

 

In recent years NCDs have been increasingly in the spotlight of the global public health community and national leaders. Most recently, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals, adopted at the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2015, recognized the critical public health importance of addressing NCDs, and included a goal to reduce, by one third, the premature mortality from NCDs, along with targets to address risk factors such as alcohol and tobacco, and achievement of universal health coverage by 2030. Achieving targets for NCD prevention and control require a renewed and concerted action at the national level. Key to this is capacity: physical, human and at the policy level.

 

P.19 Progress Monitoring Indicators to be used by the WHO Director-General to report to the UN General Assembly by the end of 2017

 

Reduce risk factors for NCDs, building on guidance set out in the WHO Global NCD Action Plan by 2016:

Indicator 5

Member State has implemented the following four demand-reduction measures of the WHO FCTCb at the highest level of achievement:

  1. Reduce affordability of tobacco products by increasing tobacco excise taxes;
  2. Create by law completely smoke-free environments in all indoor workplaces, public places and public transport;
  3. Warn people of the dangers of tobacco and tobacco smoke through effective health warnings and mass media campaigns;
  4. Ban all forms of tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. 

Indicator 6

Member State has implemented, as appropriate according to national circumstances, the following three measures to reduce the harmful use of alcohol as per the WHO Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol:

  1. Regulations over commercial and public availability of alcohol;
  2. Comprehensive restrictions or bans on alcohol advertising and promotions;
  3. Pricing policies such as excise tax increases on alcoholic beverages.

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