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UNAIDS. (2016) Prevention gap report 2016. Geneva: UNAIDS. 286 p.

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This reportreveals concerning trends in new HIV infections among adults. The Prevention gap report shows that while significant progress is being made in stopping new HIV infections among children (new HIV infections have declined by more than 70% among children since 2001 and are continuing to decline), the decline in new HIV infections among adults has stalled. The report shows that HIV prevention urgently needs to be scaled up among this age group.

In 2014, key populations, including gay men and other men who have sex with men, sex workers and their clients, transgender people, people who inject drugs and prisoners, accounted for 35% of new HIV infections globally. It is estimated that men who have sex with men are 24 times more likely to become infected with HIV than the general population, while sex workers are 10 times more likely and people who inject drugs are 24 times more likely to become infected than the general population. In addition, transgender people are 49 times more likely to be living with HIV and prisoners are five times more likely to be living with HIV than adults in the general population

It is essential for key populations to have access to the full range of HIV prevention options in order to protect themselves and their sexual partners from HIV. “Today, we have multiple prevention options,” said Mr Sidibé. “The issue is access—if people do not feel safe or have the means to access combination HIV prevention services we will not end this epidemic.”


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Opioid
Intervention Type:AOD disorder harm reduction
Source:UNAIDS
Date:July 2016
Pages:286 p.
Publisher:UNAIDS
Corporate Creators:UNAIDS
Place of Publication:Geneva
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV infection
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health-related prevention > Health information and education > Communicable disease control > HIV prevention
VA Geographic area > International aspects

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