Home > Acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment of alcohol use disorder and comorbid affective disorder: a pilot matched control trial.

Thekiso, Thekiso B and Murphy, Philip and Milnes, Jennie and Lambe, Kathryn and Curtin, Aisling and Farren, Conor K (2015) Acceptance and commitment therapy in the treatment of alcohol use disorder and comorbid affective disorder: a pilot matched control trial. Behavior Therapy , 46 , (6) , pp. 717-728.

This study examined whether acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) enhances treatment as usual (TAU) in improving treatment outcomes in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and comorbid affective disorder. Fifty-two participants were included in the study, of whom 26 were patients with AUD and either depression or bipolar disorder treated with ACT group therapy in parallel with TAU (inpatient integrated treatment) and 26 were matched controls who had received TAU alone. Drinking and craving outcomes were total alcohol abstinence, cumulative abstinence duration (CAD) and Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) scores at 3 and 6 months postintervention. Affective and anxiety outcomes were Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) scores at these follow-ups. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. Retention rates were high: 100% of the ACT group were followed up at 3 and 6 months; 92.3% and 84.6% of the TAU alone group were followed up at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Patients in the ACT group reported significantly higher CAD at 3 and 6 months, significantly lower BDI and BAI scores at 3 and 6 months, and significantly lower OCDS scores at 3 months, than those who received only TAU. No other significant differences in treatment outcomes were found between the groups. ACT provides added benefit to TAU in improving drinking, craving, depression and anxiety outcomes in patients with AUD and comorbid affective disorder. Most treatment improvements were sustained over a 6-month follow-up period.


Item Type:Article
Date:2015
Page Range:pp. 717-728
Volume:46
Number:6
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:B Substances > Alcohol
G Health and disease > State of health > Mental health
G Health and disease > Substance related disorder > Dual diagnosis (comorbidity)
G Health and disease > Substance related disorder > Substance related mental disorder
HJ Treatment method > Behaviour therapy
HJ Treatment method > Counselling
HJ Treatment method > Directive and nondirective therapy > Psychoanalytic therapy > Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Treatment and maintenance > Patient attitude toward treatment
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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