Home > Positive lifestyle changes around the time of pregnancy: a cross-sectional study.

O'Keeffe, Linda M and Dahly, Darren L and Murphy, Marion and Greene, Richard A and Harrington, Janas M and Corcoran, Paul and Kearney, Patricia M (2016) Positive lifestyle changes around the time of pregnancy: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open , 6 , (5) , e010233.

OBJECTIVES
To examine the prevalence of positive lifestyle behaviours before and during pregnancy in Ireland.

DESIGN
Cross-sectional study.

SETTING
Population-based study in Ireland.

PARTICIPANTS
A total of 718 women of predominantly Caucasian origin from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), Ireland, were included.

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Positive lifestyle behaviour changes before and during pregnancy in Ireland on alcohol consumption, smoking, folate use and nutrition.

RESULTS
Of 1212 women surveyed, 718 (59%) responded. 26% were adherent to all three recommendations on alcohol consumption, smoking and folate use before pregnancy. This increased to 39% for the same three behaviours during pregnancy, with greater increases in adherence observed among women with the lowest adherence before pregnancy. Age, education and ethnicity gaps in adherence before pregnancy appeared to narrow during pregnancy. Adherence to all seven food pyramid guidelines was less than 1% overall, and less than 1% of participants met all four micronutrient guidelines on vitamin D, folate, calcium and iron intake around the time of pregnancy.

CONCLUSIONS
Low levels of healthy lifestyle behaviours before pregnancy and low levels of positive lifestyle behaviours during pregnancy demonstrate an urgent need for increased clinical and public health efforts to target deleterious health behaviours before, during and after pregnancy.


Item Type:Article
Date:2016
Page Range:e010233
Volume:6
Number:5
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:A Substance use, abuse, and dependence > Prevalence > Substance use behaviour > Alcohol consumption
B Substances > Alcohol
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)
E Concepts in biomedical areas > Pregnancy
L Social psychology and related concepts > Lifestyle
T Demographic characteristics > Pregnant woman
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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