Home > Modeling problem behaviors in a nationally representative sample of adolescents.

O'Connor, Kate L and Dolphin, Louise and Fitzgerald, Amanda and Dooley, Barbara (2016) Modeling problem behaviors in a nationally representative sample of adolescents. Journal of Adolescence , 50 , pp. 6-15.

Research on multiple problem behaviors has focused on the concept of Problem Behavior Syndrome (PBS). Problem Behavior Theory (PBT) is a complex and comprehensive social-psychological framework designed to explain the development of a range of problem behaviors. This study examines the structure of PBS and the applicability of PBT in adolescents. Participants were 6062 adolescents; aged 12-19 (51.3% female) who took part in the My World Survey-Second Level (MWS-SL). Regarding PBS, Confirmatory Factor Analysis established that problem behaviors, such as alcohol and drug use loaded significantly onto a single, latent construct for males and females. Using Structural Equation Modeling, the PBT framework was found to be a good fit for males and females. Socio-demographic, perceived environment system and personality accounted for over 40% of the variance in problem behaviors for males and females. Our findings have important implications for understanding how differences in engaging in problem behaviors vary by gender.


Item Type:Article
Date:2016
Page Range:pp. 6-15
Volume:50
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:F Concepts in psychology > Attitude and behaviour > Behaviour
G Health and disease > Substance use disorder > Alcohol use
G Health and disease > Substance use disorder > Drug use
N Communication, information and education > Educational environment (school / college) > Student behaviour and participation
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

Click here to request a copy of this literature (must be logged in)

Repository Staff Only: item control page