Home > Constructing the Suicide Risk Index (SRI): does it work in predicting suicidal behavior in young adults mediated by proximal factors?

O'Connor, Maebh and Dooley, Barbara and Fitzgerald, Amanda (2015) Constructing the Suicide Risk Index (SRI): does it work in predicting suicidal behavior in young adults mediated by proximal factors? Archives of Suicide Research , 19 , (1) , pp. 1-16.

Suicide is a key concern among young adults.

The aim of the study was to (1) construct a suicide risk index (SRI) based on demographic, situational, and behavioral factors known to be linked to suicidal behavior and (2) investigate whether the association between the SRI and suicidal behavior was mediated by proximal processes (personal factors, coping strategies, and emotional states).

Participants consisted of 7,558 individuals aged 17-25 years (M = 20.35, SD = 1.91). Nearly 22% (n = 1,542) reported self-harm and 7% (n = 499) had attempted suicide. Mediation analysis revealed both a direct effect (ß = .299, 95% CI = [.281, .317], p < .001), and a mediated effect (ß = .204, 95% CI = [.186, .222], p < .001), between the risk index and suicidal behavior. The strongest mediators were levels of self-esteem, depression, and avoidant coping. Interventions to increase self-esteem, reduce depression, and encourage adaptive coping strategies may prevent suicidal behavior in young people.


Item Type:Article
Date:2015
Page Range:pp. 1-16
Publisher:Wiley
Volume:19
Number:1
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:F Concepts in psychology > Skills > Coping skills
F Concepts in psychology > Specific attitude and behaviour > self-destructive behaviour > suicidal behaviour / suicide
G Health and disease > State of health > Mental health
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Risk and protective factors
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health related prevention > Health information and education > Suicide prevention
T Demographic characteristics > Young adult

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