Home > The ESPAD validity study in four countries in 2013.

Hibell, Bjorn and Molinaro, Sabrina and Siciliano, Valeria and Kraus, Ludwig [EMCDDA] . (2015) The ESPAD validity study in four countries in 2013. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. 41 p.

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The first data collection of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) was conducted in 1995 among 16-year-old students in 26 countries. Since then, data have been gathered every fourth year in an increasing number of countries. The latest ESPAD survey was conducted in 2011 when 39 countries took part. Data were collected for the sixth time in the winter and spring of 2015, and it is anticipated that the report will be published in summer 2016.

This first ESPAD validity study was an attempt to assess the validity of the answers about different substances, without going into details about individual questions. However, some questions might be considered more important than others in the sense that they are often used as key indicators when looking at trends in substance use among European school students.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Report
Drug Type:Alcohol, Alcohol or other drugs in general
Source:EMCDDA
Date:July 2015
Pages:41 p.
Publisher:Office for Official Publications of the European Communities
Place of Publication:Luxembourg
EndNote:View
Related URLs:
Subjects:J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health services, substance use research
R Research > Research organization and management
R Research > Research and evaluation method
R Research > Type of research study > Empirical study > Quantitative study (statistical data)
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe

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