Home > Adolescent alcohol use patterns from 25 European countries.

Bräker, Astrid-Britta and Gobel, Kristin and Scheithauer, Herbert and Soellner, Renate (2015) Adolescent alcohol use patterns from 25 European countries. Journal of Drug Issues , 45 , (4) , pp. 336-350.


This study’s purpose is to describe European adolescents’ alcohol use patterns by grouping adolescents regarding their current alcohol use by cluster analysis (CA). Discriminant and latent profile analyses (LPA) evaluate and validate the solution that will be described further by ANOVAs. From 25 European countries, 57,771 students (49.4% male, 13.87 years) are grouped using hierarchical and k-means clustering. Alcohol use is measured by frequency of drinking occasions during the previous month and number of beverages consumed on the last drinking occasion. CA suggests four drinking patterns: mild (73.6%), episodic (20.0%), frequent (3.8%), and heavy episodic use (2.5%). Discriminant analysis attests a classification reliability of 94%, and confirmatory LPA replicates the cluster solution with a satisfying model fit. Three of the found patterns fulfill criteria for heavy drinking and underline the importance of individualized indicated prevention by promoting responsible use.

Item Type:Article
Date:2015
Page Range:pp. 336-350
Publisher:Sage
Volume:45
Number:4
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Not in collection)
Subjects:G Health and disease > Substance use disorder > Alcohol use
T Demographic characteristics > Adolescent / youth (teenager / young person)
VA Geographic area > Europe
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland

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