Home > Key performance indicators for mental health and substance use disorders: a literature review and discussion paper.

Henderson, Carla and Klimas, Jan and Dunne, Colum and Leddin, Des and Meagher, David and O'Toole, Thomas and Cullen, Walter (2014) Key performance indicators for mental health and substance use disorders: a literature review and discussion paper. Mental Health and Substance Use, 7, (4), pp. 407-419. https://doi.org/10.1080/17523281.2014.901402.

External website: http://www.lenus.ie/hse/handle/10147/315394

With increasing recognition of the importance of mental and substance use disorders for population health and health systems and the potential value of systems-based performance indicators in addressing this issue, we aimed to describe the development and content of key performance indicators for mental and substance use disorders. Publications were identified through official websites, Google searches and PubMed. Following ‘PRISMA’ guidelines, twenty-five studies were kept for qualitative synthesis and six for quantitative analysis. We describe their use in practice by comparing their application across a range of public and mixed healthcare systems. Currently, key performance indicator development for mental and substance use disorders adopts several methodologies, including expert opinion, literature review, stakeholder consultation and the structured consensus method. The rationales provided for selection of particular key performance indicators vary greatly between systems. Systems exhibit different levels of key performance indicator adaptability, which is reflective of dynamic changes in evidence-based practices. We noted bias in the level of key performance indicator assessment towards system/health plan evaluation followed by programme/service evaluation. Similarly, there is a large skew towards key performance indicators that reflect evaluation of processes. Collection of data in all systems is nearly exclusively reliant on electronic administrative/medical data. Experiences from these systems are synthesized into methodological recommendations, and considerations for further research and clinical practice are provided.

Item Type
Publication Type
Irish-related, International, Article
Drug Type
Substances (not alcohol/tobacco)
Intervention Type
Treatment method, Rehabilitation/Recovery, Screening / Assessment
March 2014
Identification #
Page Range
pp. 407-419
Taylor & Francis
Accession Number
HRB (Electronic Only)
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