Home > Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals.

Surah, S and Kieran, J and O'Dea, S and Shiel, C and Raffee, S and Mulcahy, Fiona and Keenan, Eamon and Lyons, F (2013) Use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine the prevalence of alcohol misuse among HIV-infected individuals. International Journal of STD & AIDS , 24 , (7) , pp. 517-521.

The aim of the paper is to evaluate alcohol misuse among an inner city adult HIV clinic population with AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test). A cross-sectional HIV outpatient clinic analysis between 28 February 2011 and 11 March 2011 was carried out. AUDIT, demographic and clinical data were collected. Univariate analysis was performed to look for the associations between variables. Backward stepwise multivariate analyses were performed on significant variables from the univariate analysis to assess for predictors of alcohol dependence.

In total, 111 patients were included (60% uptake of clinic attendees); 66% were men and 26% were hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected. The median AUDIT score was 5 (within normal range). Thirty-four 'AUDIT positive' cases were identified: five (4.5%) indicated consumption of hazardous levels of alcohol; 21 (19%) indicated harmful levels of alcohol; and eight (7%) were likely alcohol dependent. Younger age (<40 years old) was significantly associated with AUDIT positivity (P = 0.006). On multivariate analysis younger age (P = 0.045, odds ratio 13.8) and lower level of education (P = 0.006, odds ratio 6.7) were predictive of scores indicative of alcohol dependence (AUDIT ≥20). In conclusion, younger age and lower educational levels were associated with scores consistent with alcohol dependence. AUDIT was well tolerated and easy to administer in this outpatient HIV clinic population.


Item Type:Article
Date:July 2013
Page Range:pp. 517-521
Publisher:Royal Society of Medicine Press
Volume:24
Number:7
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Not in collection)
Subjects:HA Screening, identification, and diagnostic method > Psychosocial screening and diagnostic method
VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Identification and screening > Identification and screening for drugs and alcohol use
B Drugs and alcohol substances > Alcohol
G Health and disease > Drugs and alcohol disorder > Alcohol use
G Health and disease > Disorder by cause > Communicable disease > HIV infection

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