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Drug and Alcohol Findings. (2013) Effectiveness Bank Bulletin [therapeutic community for offenders]. Drug and Alcohol Findings. Effectiveness Bank Bulletin, 5 Augu

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Randomized trial of a reentry modified therapeutic community for offenders with co-occurring disorders: crime
outcomes.
Sacks S., Chaple M., Sacks J.Y. et al. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment: 2012, 42, p. 247–259.

From the USA, the first randomised trial of a post-prison therapeutic community designed for psychologically disturbed problem substance using offenders found it halved the numbers reimprisoned and did even better when preceded by similar in-prison treatment, confirmation that what happens when people leave prison can be critical.

Summary
Therapeutic communities are residential facilities with a distinctive therapeutic ethos and programme founded on joint living and peer influence. Core principles and methods include: a focus on the 'whole person'; a highly structured daily regimen; fostering personal responsibility and self-help in managing difficulties; using peers as role models and guides, with the peer community acting as the healing agent; regarding change as a gradual, developmental process and moving clients through progressive treatment stages; stressing work and self-reliance through the development of vocational and independent living skills; and promoting prosocial values within healthy social networks to sustain recovery.


Item Type:Evidence resource
Publication Type:Review
Drug Type:Alcohol or other drugs in general
Intervention Type:Crime prevention, AOD disorder harm reduction
Source:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Date:5 August 2013
Publisher:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Corporate Creators:Drug and Alcohol Findings
Volume:5 Augu
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:VA Geographic area > United States
MM-MO Crime and law > Criminal penalty > Community service (penalty) > Probation or parole
L Social psychology and related concepts > Interpersonal interaction and group dynamics > Social support
T Demographic characteristics > Offender
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Health care programme or facility
J Health care, prevention and rehabilitation > Residential facility

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