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World Health Organization. (2012) World health statistics 2012. Geneva: World Health Organization.

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WHO's annual World Health Statistics reports present the most recent health statistics for the WHO Member States.

The largest proportion of NCD deaths is caused by cardiovascular disease (48%), followed by cancers (21%) and chronic respiratory diseases (12%). Diabetes is directly responsible for 3.5% of NCD deaths. Behavioural risk factors, including tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol, are estimated to be responsible for about 80% of coronary heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.

Risk factors (p.109)
Table 5 presents information on indicators for certain risk factors that are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. These preventable risk factors include: unsafe water and lack of sanitation; use of solid fuels in households; low birth weight; poor infant-feeding practices; childhood under-nutrition and over-nutrition; diabetes; hypertension; obesity; harmful consumption of alcohol; use of tobacco; and unsafe sex.

Item Type
Publication Type
International, Report
Drug Type
Intervention Type
General / Comprehensive, Harm reduction
176 p.
World Health Organization
Corporate Creators
World Health Organization
Place of Publication
Accession Number
HRB (Electronic Only)

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