Home > A multi-center, randomized controlled trial of a group psychological intervention for psychosis with comorbid cannabis dependence over the early course of illness.

Madigan, Kevin and Brennan, Daria and Lawlor, Elizabeth and Turner, Niall and Kinsella, Anthony and O'Connor, John J and Russel, Vincent and Waddington, John L and O'Callaghan, Eadbhard (2013) A multi-center, randomized controlled trial of a group psychological intervention for psychosis with comorbid cannabis dependence over the early course of illness. Schizophrenia Research , 143 , pp. 138-142.

Background: Patients who experience the onset of psychotic illness with a comorbid diagnosis of cannabis dependence experience poor clinical outcomes. Few studies have identified interventions that reduce cannabis use and improve clinical outcome in this population.

Aims: We undertook a multi-center, randomized controlled trial of a group psychological intervention for psychosis with comorbid cannabis dependence to determine whether there was any impact on cannabis use symptoms, global functioning, insight, attitudes to treatment and subjective quality of life.

Method: Across three centers, we compared a group psychological intervention, based on cognitive behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing, with treatment as usual among patients experiencing their first psychotic episode or early in the course of psychotic illness. Substance misuse and indices of clinical outcome were assessed at baseline, 3 months and 1 year.

Results: At 3 month and 1 year follow-ups, there was no evidence for an intervention effect on cannabis use, symptoms, global functioning insight or attitude to treatment. However, the intervention improved subjective quality of life at 3 months and this effect was sustained at 1 year.

Conclusions: Over the early phase of psychotic illness, group psychological interventions for those with comorbid cannabis dependence improved subjective quality of life. However, this was not associated with reduction in use of cannabis or improvement in clinical outcomes.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2013
Page Range:pp. 138-142
Publisher:Elsevier
Volume:143
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Available)
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
HJ Treatment method > Psychosocial treatment method
B Substances > Cannabis / Marijuana
G Health and disease > Substance related disorder > Substance related mental disorder

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