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Home > Khat: A review of its potential harms to the individual and communities in the UK.

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs. (2013) Khat: A review of its potential harms to the individual and communities in the UK. London: Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs.

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1. Introduction 12-17
• Background
• Role of the ACMD
• Remit of review and scope
• Steps taken to implement recommendations from 2005 report
• Quality of research and hierarchies of evidence

2. Khat 18-27
• Khat use – Global
• International comparisons
• Khat use – UK

3. The Pharmacology of Khat 28-30
• The active ingredients
• Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics
• Mechanism of action

4. Medical Harms 31-44
• Dependence
• Cardiovascular effects
• Respiratory system effects
• Oral and gastrointestinal system pathologies
• Liver
• Pregnancy
• Psychiatric effects
• Cognitive impairment
• Links to mortality
• Summary on medical harms

5. Overview of the Societal Harms associated with khat use 45-57
• Unemployment
• Family breakdown
• Income diversion
• Consumption by young persons
• Consumption by women
• Anti-social behaviour
• Violence
• Crime and criminal networks
• Integration
• Summary on social harms

6. International Issues 58-66
• Legislation
• Legislation by Country
• Australia
• Canada
• Denmark
• The Netherlands
• Norway
• Sweden
• United States of America
• Summary on international issues

7. Education and Prevention 67-70

8. Treatment of Khat Use 71-75
• Treatment of dependency
• Implications for khat treatment and recovery interventions

9. Concerns: communities and groups 76-81

10. Summary and recommendations 82-88
Annex A – Quality of Research and Hierarchies of Evidence
Annex B – List of Contributors
Annex C - ACMD Members
Annex D – Education and Prevention Template


Item Type
Report
Publication Type
International, Report, Review
Drug Type
CNS stimulants, New psychoactive substance
Intervention Type
General / Comprehensive, Harm reduction, Screening / Assessment
Date
January 2013
Pages
96 p.
Publisher
Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Corporate Creators
Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Place of Publication
London
EndNote
Accession Number
HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs

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