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Home > Guidelines for the emergency management of injuries (including needlestick and sharps injuries, sexual exposure and human bites) where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infectious diseases.

Scientific Advisory Committee of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre. (2012) Guidelines for the emergency management of injuries (including needlestick and sharps injuries, sexual exposure and human bites) where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infectious diseases. Dublin: Health Protection Surveillance Centre and Health Service Executive.

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The purpose of these guidelines is to provide comprehensive guidance on the appropriate management of injuries where there is a risk of transmission of bloodborne viruses and other infections. The types of injury covered are: needlestick or other sharps injury, sexual exposure, human bites, and exposure of broken skin or of mucous membranes.

Contents:
1. Introduction 12
2. Initial assessment p.12
2.1 Urgent first aid
2.2 Initial wound care
2.3 Complete the patient management form
2.4 Decide if a significant exposure has occurred
3. Assessing the risk of transmission of infection p.14
3.1 Risk assessment – bloodborne viruses
3.2 Factors increasing the risk of transmission
3.3 Investigation of source
3.4 Assessing the recipient
4. Treatment of recipient following a significant exposure p.17
4.1 Actions to be taken
4.2 Hepatitis B post-exposure prophylaxis
4.3 Hepatitis C
4.4 HIV post-exposure prophylaxis
4.5 Tetanus
4.6 Antibiotic treatment
5. Specific injuries and settings p.19
5.1 Occupational exposure
5.2 Sexual exposure
5.4 Human bites
5.4 Community acquired needlestick injury
5.5 Injury in dental practice
5.6 Injury in primary care medical practice
6. Information and follow-up of recipient p.21
6.1 Information
6.2 Precautions
6.3 Follow-up
7. Records/documentation p.22
7.1 Patient management form
7.2 Recording of medication
7.3 Notifiable diseases
7.4 Occupational injuries
7.5 Risk management forms for hospital
References p.23
Glossary of abbreviations and terms p.24


Item Type
Report
Publication Type
Irish-related, Guideline, Report
Drug Type
Substances (not alcohol/tobacco), Opioid
Intervention Type
Harm reduction
Date
September 2012
Pages
108 p.
Publisher
Health Protection Surveillance Centre and Health Service Executive
Corporate Creators
Scientific Advisory Committee of the Health Protection Surveillance Centre
Place of Publication
Dublin
EndNote
Accession Number
HRB (Electronic Only)

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