Home > Heartwatch: the effect of a primary care-delivered secondary prevention programme for cardiovascular disease on medication use and risk factor profiles.

Fitzpatrick, Patricia and Fitz-Simon, Nicola and Lonergan, Moira and Collins, Claire and Daly, Leslie (2011) Heartwatch: the effect of a primary care-delivered secondary prevention programme for cardiovascular disease on medication use and risk factor profiles. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology , 18 , (1) , pp. 129-136.

URL: http://cpr.sagepub.com/content/18/1/129.long

BACKGROUND:
Heartwatch is a secondary prevention programme of coronary heart disease (CHD) in primary care in Ireland. The aim was to further examine the effect of the Heartwatch programme on cardiovascular risk factors and treatments of patients with a follow-up of 3.5 years.

DESIGN:
Prospective cohort study of 12,358 patients with established CHD (myocardial infarction, percutaneous cardiac intervention, coronary artery bypass graft) recruited by participating general practitioners; patients invited to attend on a quarterly basis, with continuing care implemented according to defined clinical protocols.

METHODS:
Changes in risk factors and treatments at 1, 2, 3 and 3.5-year follow-up from baseline were made using paired t-test for continuous and McNemar's test for categorical data.

RESULTS:
Important changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and smoking status were observed at 1, 2, 3 and 3.5 years (P < 0.0001) with significant increase in proportions of patients within the target. However, changes in body mass index were small, with no significant improvement in waist circumference. There was a significant increase in prescription of secondary preventive medications and good patient compliance. Males were more likely to be within the target for systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, waist circumference and exercise level at 3.5 years, but less likely for body mass index.

CONCLUSION:
Studies of cardiac rehabilitation without any follow-up programmes show that over time patients revert in part to previous lifestyle habits; this primary care-delivered programme has shown sustained improvements in major risk factors, particularly smoking, blood pressure and cholesterol, and treatments for CHD. Weight management presents a greater challenge.

 

Item Type:Article
Date:2011
Page Range:pp. 129-136
Publisher:Sage
Volume:18
Number:1
EndNote:View
Accession Number:HRB (Electronic Only)
Related URLs:
Subjects:VA Geographic area > Europe > Ireland
G Health and disease > State of health > Physical health
B Substances > Tobacco (cigarette smoking)

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